Integrated smoking cessation and binge drinking intervention for young adults: A pilot efficacy trial

Steven C. Ames, Steven B. Pokorny, Darrell R. Schroeder, Winston Tan, Chudley E. Werch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Alcohol consumption is strongly associated with cigarette smoking in young adults. The primary aim of this investigation was to complete a pilot evaluation of the efficacy of an integrated intervention that targets both cigarette smoking and binge drinking on the cigarette smoking and binge behavior of young adults at 6-month follow-up. Participants were 95 young adult (M. = 24.3; SD. = 3.5. years) smokers (≥. 1 cigarettes per day) who binge drink (≥. 1 time per month) and who were randomly assigned to standard treatment (n. = 47) involving six individual treatment visits plus eight weeks of nicotine patch therapy or the identical smoking cessation treatment integrated with a binge drinking intervention (integrated intervention; n. = 48). Using an intent-to-treat analysis for tobacco abstinence, at both 3. month end of treatment and 6. month follow-up, more participants who received integrated intervention were biochemically confirmed abstinent from tobacco than those who received standard treatment at 3. months (19% vs. 9%, p. = 0.06) and 6. months (21% vs. 9%, p. = 0.05). At 6. months, participants who completed the study and who received integrated intervention consumed fewer drinks per month (p. <. 0.05) and number of binge drinking episodes per month (p. <. 0.05) than those who received standard treatment. Preliminary data supports that integrated intervention enhances smoking cessation and reduces binge drinking compared to standard treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)848-853
Number of pages6
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Volume39
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2014

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Keywords

  • Alcohol
  • Binge drinking
  • Smoking cessation
  • Young adult

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Toxicology
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Medicine(all)

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