Insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) is one of several related proteins that bind and modulate the actions of IGFs. The liver is the primary source of IGFBP-1, and insulin is a major regulator of hepatic IGFBP-1 production. We report five sets of investigations that further define the characteristics of hepatic IGFBP-1 response to insulin. In normal subjects, a continuous high-dose insulin infusion caused a rapid decrease in plasma IGFBP-1 concentrations, with a rate of 0.24 ± 0.04 μg/L·min-1 and a t 1 2 of 89 ± 4 minutes. Conversely, a 3-hour somatostatin (SRIF) infusion caused a 4.5-fold increase in plasma IGFBP-1 levels. SRIF plus low-dose insulin infusion (to inhibit break-through insulin secretion) resulted in a plateau in IGFBP-1 concentrations at 5 to 8 hours, with a t 1 2 to achieve steady state of 60 to 75 minutes. Under similar conditions, a stepped increase in plasma glucose level from 5 to 9 mmol/L had no effect on the rate of IGFBP-1 increase in plasma, indicating that an acute increase in glucose concentration within a physiologic range has no independent inhibitory effect on IGFBP-1 production in the presence of a nonsuppressive insulin level. Using SRIF plus sequential graded insulin infusions, the threshold peripheral (=portal) plasma insulin concentration for IGFBP-1 suppression was between 65 and 172 pmol/L. Subjects with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) showed a similar dose-response pattern, suggesting that insulin regulation of IGFBP-1 may be normal in IDDM. The rapid and sensitive response of IGFBP-1 to insulin is consistent with its postulated role to modulate IGF bioaction in relation to substrate availability. Moreover, measurement of plasma IGFBP-1 concentrations may serve as a useful marker of hepatic insulin sensitivity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism