For the management of obesity in childhood and adolescence, nonoperative approaches have limited efficacy, including community-based and behavioral interventions and pharmacotherapy approved for use in adults. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy are efficacious in reducing weight, body mass index, and comorbidities in adolescents. Understanding the phenotype associated with obesity provides an opportunity to individualize patients’ treatments directed at the brain–gut axis. These phenotypes include rapid gastric emptying, increased fasting gastric volume, reduced postprandial incretins, and central mechanisms that impact appetite and satiation including hedonic eating and affective disorders. Further studies are required in adolescents. Identifying phenotypes could enhance the efficacy of behavioral, dietary, and pharmacotherapeutic interventions alone or in combination in children and adolescents.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism