Background: Long QT syndrome type 2 (LQT2) is caused by pathogenic variants in KCNH2. LQT2 may manifest as QT prolongation on an electrocardiogram and present with arrhythmic syncope/seizures and sudden cardiac arrest/death. Progestin-based oral contraceptives may increase the risk of LQT2-triggered cardiac events in women. We previously reported on a woman with LQT2 and recurrent cardiac events temporally related and attributed to the progestin-based contraceptive medroxyprogesterone acetate (“Depo-Provera” [Depo] MilliporeSigma, Catalog# 1378001, St. Louis, MO). Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the arrhythmic risk of Depo in a patient-specific induced pluripotent stem cell–derived cardiomyocyte (iPSC-CM) model of LQT2. Methods: An iPSC-CM line was generated from a 40-year-old woman with p.G1006Afs∗49-KCNH2. A CRISPR/Cas9 gene-edited/variant-corrected isogenic control iPSC-CM line was generated. FluoVolt (Invitrogen, F10488, Waltham, MA) was used to measure the action potential duration after treatment with 10 μM Depo. Erratic beating patterns characterized as alternating spike amplitudes, alternans, or early afterdepolarization–like phenomena were assessed using multielectrode array (MEA) after 10 μM Depo, 1 μM isoproterenol (ISO), or combined Depo + ISO treatment. Results: Depo treatment shortened the action potential duration at 90% repolarization of G1006Afs∗49 iPSC-CMs from 394 ± 10 to 303 ± 10 ms (P < .0001). Combined Depo + ISO treatment increased the percentage of electrodes displaying erratic beating in G1006Afs∗49 iPSC-CMs (baseline: 18% ± 5% vs Depo + ISO: 54% ± 5%; P < .0001) but not in isogenic control iPSC-CMs (baseline: 0% ± 0% vs Depo + ISO: 10% ± 3%; P = .9659). Conclusion: This cell study provides a potential mechanism for the patient's clinically documented Depo-associated episodes of recurrent ventricular fibrillation. This in vitro data should prompt a large-scale clinical assessment of Depo's potential proarrhythmic effect in women with LQT2.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Accepted/In press - 2023|
- Long QT syndrome type 2
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)