We examined the prevalence and prognostic relevance of bone marrow reticulin fibrosis in 526 patients with World Health Organization-defined polycythemia vera evaluated at the time of initial diagnosis. Seventy-four patients (14%) displayed mostly grade 1 reticulin fibrosis, with only 2 cases showing higher-grade fibrosis. Presenting clinical and laboratory characteristics, including JAK2V617F allele burden, between patients with and without fibrosis were similar for the most part, with the exception of a higher prevalence of palpable splenomegaly in patients with fibrosis (P < .01). Patients with fibrosis were less prone to experience thrombosis during their clinical course (1.1 vs 2.7 per 100 patient-years; P = .03) and more prone to develop post-polycythemia vera myelofibrosis (2.2 vs 0.8 per 100 patient-years; P = .01). There was no significant difference between the 2 groups in terms of overall or leukemia-free survival. The present study clarifies the incidence, degree, and prognostic relevance of bone marrow fibrosis obtained at time of initial diagnosis of polycythemia vera.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology