Initial and subsequent 3-year cost after hospitalization for first acute ischemic stroke and intracerebral hemorrhage

Mohammed Yousufuddin, James P. Moriarty, Kandace A. Lackore, Ye Zhu, Jessica L. Peters, Taylor Doyle, Kelsey L. Jensen, Eimad M. Ahmmad, Ruaa Y. Al Ward, Hossam M. Al-Zu'bi, Umesh M. Sharma, Ashok Seshadri, Kogulavadanan Arumaithurai, Lawrence R. Keenan, Sumit Bhagra, Mohammad Hassan Murad, Bijan J. Borah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aims: To examine 1) the major drivers of index hospitalization and 3-year post-acute follow-up care, 2) cost for rehabilitation and homecare, and 3) indirect cost from lost productivity after acute ischemic stroke (AIS) and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Methods: Retrospective study of adults hospitalized with AIS (n = 811) and ICH (N = 145) between 2003 and 2014. Direct costs standardized to Medicare reimbursement rates were captured for hospitalization and 3-year follow-up or death. Adjusted cost estimates were assessed using generalized linear modeling with gamma distribution. Costs for rehabilitation, home healthcare, and lost productivity were assessed using sets of cost captured through literature review. Results: Calculated as mean cost per person: hospitalization $18,154 for AIS and $24,077 for ICH; monthly 3-year aggregate $5138 for AIS and $8172 for ICH; 3-year inpatient rehabilitation $4185 for AIS and $4196 for ICH; homecare $19,728 for AIS and $14,487 for ICH; indirect cost from lost productivity $77,078 for AIS and $56,601 for ICH. Age < 55 years, being non-white, and stroke severity were strongly associated with greater hospitalization cost for AIS and ICH. Hyperlipidemia incurred lower while cancer, coronary artery disease, asthma/chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, heart failure, and anemia incurred higher 3-year aggregate cost for AIS. Cancer and diabetes mellitus incurred higher 3-year aggregate cost for ICH. Conclusions: We provide estimates of direct and indirect costs incurred for acute and continuing post-acute care through a 3-year follow-up period after first-ever AIS and ICH with important comparisons for predictors between index hospitalization and 3-year post-stroke costs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number117181
JournalJournal of the neurological sciences
Volume419
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 2020

Keywords

  • Healthcare cost
  • Intracerebral hemorrhage
  • Ischemic stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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