Background: The infused autograft lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (A-LMR) is a prognostic factor for survival in B-cell lymphomas post-autologous peripheral hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (APHSCT). Thus, we set out to investigate if the A-LMR is also a prognostic factor for survival post-APHSCT in T-cell lymphomas. Methods: From 1998 to 2014, 109 T-cell lymphoma patients that underwent APHSCT were studied. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) and area under the curve (AUC) were used to identify the optimal cut-off value of A-LMR for survival analysis and k-fold cross-validation model to validate the A-LMR cut-off value. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard models were used to assess the prognostic discriminator power of A-LMR. Results: ROC and AUC identified an A-LMR ≥ 1 as the best cut-off value and was validated by k-fold cross-validation. Multivariate analysis showed A-LMR to be an independent prognostic factor for overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). Patients with an A-LMR ≥ 1.0 experienced a superior OS and PFS versus patients with an A-LMR < 1.0 [median OS was not reached vs 17.9 months, 5-year OS rates of 87 % (95 % confidence interval (CI), 75-94 %) vs 26 % (95 % CI, 13-42 %), p < 0.0001; median PFS was not reached vs 11.9 months, 5-year PFS rates of 72 % (95 % CI, 58-83 %) vs 16 % (95 % CI, 6-32 %), p < 0.0001]. Conclusions: A-LMR is also a prognostic factor for clinical outcomes in patients with T-cell lymphomas undergoing APHSCT.
- Autograft absolute lymphocyte-to-monocyte count ratio
- Autologous peripheral hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
- T-cell lymphomas
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cancer Research