One hundred ten patients with asymptomatic non-sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) were evaluated prospectively to assess the value of electrophysiologic testing. This testing consisted of up to 3 extrastimuli delivered during 3 drive cycle lengths from 2 right ventricular sites. A positive study was defined as monomorphic VT lasting 30 seconds or requiring cardioversion. Patients with a positive study were treated, and serial drug testing was done. An event during follow-up was sustained VT or cardiac arrest. The mean follow-up was 15 months. Of 57 patients with an ejection fraction ≥40%, 6 had a positive electrophysiologic test with 1 event and 51 had a negative test with 1 event. Twenty-eight patients had an ejection fraction <40% and coronary artery disease: 14 had a positive test with 1 event, and 14 had a negative test with 3 events. Twenty-five patients had an ejection fraction <40% and no coronary artery disease: 1 had a positive test with no events, and 24 had a negative test with 8 events. Only ejection fraction and congestive heart failure class were found to be independent predictors of outcome. Patients with an ejection fraction > 40% had low inducibility (11%), had few events (3.5%) and did not require electrophysiologic testing. In patients with an ejection fraction <40% and coronary artery disease, inducibility was high (50%) and a negative study was of no value. Patients with an ejection fraction <40% and no coronary artery disease had low inducibility (4%), had frequent events (33%) and did not benefit from electrophysiologic testing.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine