Interactions between visceral, intestinal stimulation and autonomic cardiovascular function have received increasing attention over the last years. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of long-term continuous rectal distention on rectal tone and cardiovascular function at the threshold for first sensation of distention and moderate urge to defecate compared to a resting period without distention. Continuous isobaric rectal distention was performed in 13 healthy volunteers with a ten minute pressure tracking procedure at each subject's predetermined individual threshold for either moderate urge or first sensation, separated by a ten minute resting period. Rectal volume, heart rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressure were determined continuously. RESULTS: Rectal tone decreased significantly over time at the threshold for moderate urge and first sensation. Cardiovascular measures remained stable over the distention procedures, except for a significant increase in systolic blood pressure at the threshold for moderate urge. DISCUSSION: The previously reported rectal accommodation response to rectal distention was confirmed. The increase in systolic blood pressure is most likely mediated through sympathetic efferent pathways.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Folia medica Cracoviensia|
|State||Published - 1999|
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