We report a case of an inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT) of the spleen occurring in an 81-year-old woman with a history of a monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance. Eighteen-month follow-up after splenectomy demonstrated no tumor recurrence or progression of underlying plasma cell disease. Histologic examination of the tumor demonstrated a polymorphic population of inflammatory and epithelioid and spindle cells. Immunophenotyping showed large numbers of T cells, B cells, and polyclonal plasma cells. The epithelioid and spindle cells were positive for vimentin and CD68 but lacked expression of follicular dendritic cell markers and actin. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) genome was identified in the epithelioid and spindle cell population by in situ hybridization using probes specific for EBV-encoded RNAs (EBER1 and EBER2). Southern blot analysis of digested DNA extracted from the tumor using an EBV-specific probe (XhoI) demonstrated the presence of a single high-intensity band, indicative of EBV monoclonality. While there have been 2 previous reports of hepatic IPTs containing a monoclonal population of EBV-infected tumor cells, this is the first report of such an association occurring in the spleen. The presence of clonal EBV DNA suggests some splenic IPTs may be true neoplasms.
- Clonal Epstein-Barr virus
- Inflammatory pseudotumor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine