Inflammatory Bowel Disease Does Not Impact Mortality but Increases Length of Hospitalization in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction

Preetika Sinh, James H. Tabibian, Prachi S. Biyani, Kathan Mehta, Emad Mansoor, Edward V. Loftus, Maneesh Dave

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and Aim: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) have been associated with increased risk of cardiovascular events. We aimed to investigate the outcomes of myocardial infarction (MI) in patients with IBD. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional study utilizing data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from the years 1998 to 2010. ICD-9-CM codes were used to identify patients with Crohn’s disease (CD) (555.X), ulcerative colitis (UC) (556.X), and acute MI (410.X). Outcomes in patients with MI with and without IBD were compared. Univariate analysis was performed. Multivariate logistic regression was used to determine the effect of UC and CD on in-hospital MI mortality after adjusting for confounders. Results: A total of 2,629,161 MI, 3,607 UC and 3784 CD patients were analyzed. UC (odds ratio [OR], 1.12; 95% CI 0.98–1.29) and CD (OR 0.99; 95% CI 0.86–1.15) did not affect in-hospital mortality in patients with MI. There was no difference between in-hospital mortality in patients with MI with or without UC (7.75% vs. 7.05%; p = 0.25) or in patients with MI with or without CD (6.50% vs. 6.59%; p = 0.87). The length of stay (LOS) was higher in IBD patients and total charges were statistically higher in patients with UC as compared to non-IBD patients ($65,182 vs. $53,542; p < 0.001). Conclusions: This study shows that IBD does not impact in-hospital mortality from MI. However, patients with MI with IBD have longer LOS. Patients with UC have higher total hospitalization charges than patients with MI without IBD. Further prospective studies are needed to assess the outcomes of MI in IBD patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalDigestive diseases and sciences
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular risk
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Mortality
  • Myocardial infarction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Gastroenterology

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