Inferring gene regulatory networks from gene expression data at whole genome level is still an arduous challenge, especially in higher organisms where the number of genes is large but the number of experimental samples is small. It is reported that the accuracy of current methods at genome scale significantly drops from Escherichia coli to Saccharomyces cerevisiae due to the increase in number of genes. This limits the applicability of current methods to more complex genomes, like human and mouse. Least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) is widely used for gene regulatory network inference from gene expression profiles. However, the accuracy of LASSO on large genomes is not satisfactory. In this study, we apply two extended models of LASSO, L0 and L1/2 regularization models to infer gene regulatory network from both high-throughput gene expression data and transcription factor binding data in mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs). We find that both the L0 and L1/2 regularization models significantly outperform LASSO in network inference. Incorporating interactions between transcription factors and their targets remarkably improved the prediction accuracy. Current study demonstrates the efficiency and applicability of these two models for gene regulatory network inference from integrative omics data in large genomes. The applications of the two models will facilitate biologists to study the gene regulation of higher model organisms in a genome-wide scale.
- Gene regulatory networks
- Integrative omics data
- LASSO-type regularization methods
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)