Limited data are available for outcomes of simultaneous liver-kidney (SLK) transplantation using donation after cardiac death (DCD) donors. The outcomes of 12 DCD-SLK transplants and 54 SLK transplants using donation after brain death (DBD) donors were retrospectively compared. The baseline demographics were similar for the DCD-SLK and DBD-SLK groups except for the higher liver donor risk index for the DCD-SLK group (1.8 ± 0.4 versus 1.3 ± 0.4, P = 0.001). The rates of surgical complications and graft rejections within 1 year were comparable for the DCD-SLK and DBD-SLK groups. Delayed renal graft function was twice as common in the DCD-SLK group. At 1 year, the serum creatinine levels and the iothalamate glomerular filtration rates were similar for the groups. The patient, liver graft, and kidney graft survival rates at 1 year were comparable for the groups (83.3%, 75.0%, and 82.5% for the DCD-SLK group and 92.4%, 92.4%, and 92.6% for the DBD-SLK group, P = 0.3 for all). The DCD-SLK group had worse patient, liver graft, and kidney graft survival at 3 years (62.5%, 62.5%, and 58.9% versus 90.5%, 90.5%, and 90.6%, P = 0.03 for all) and at 5 years (62.5%, 62.5%, and 58.9% versus 87.4%, 87.4%, and 87.7%, P < 0.05 for all). An analysis of the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network database showed inferior 1- and 5-year patient and graft survival rates for DCD-SLK patients versus DBD-SLK patients. In conclusion, despite comparable rates of surgical and medical complications and comparable kidney function at 1 year, DCD-SLK transplantation was associated with inferior long-term survival in comparison with DBD-SLK transplantation.
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