Infections of the esophagus: An update on risk factors, diagnosis, and management

P. Hoversten, A. K. Kamboj, David A Katzka

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Infectious esophagitis is a leading cause of esophagitis worldwide. While esophageal infections have traditionally been associated with immunocompromised patients, these disorders are becoming increasingly recognized in immunocompetent individuals. The three most common etiologies of infectious esophagitis are Candida, herpes simplex virus, and cytomegalovirus. Human papilloma virus infection can also involve the esophagus in the form of ulcerative lesions and papillomas. Less common etiologies include various other fungal, bacterial, and viral organisms. This review provides a comprehensive update on risk factors, diagnosis, and management of both common and less common infections of the esophagus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberdoy094
JournalDiseases of the Esophagus
Volume31
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 30 2018

Keywords

  • diagnosis
  • esophageal
  • esophagitis
  • infection
  • treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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