Infarct size after acute myocardial infarction measured by quantitative tomographic 99mTc sestamibi imaging predicts subsequent mortality

Todd D. Miller, Timothy F. Christian, Mona R. Hopfenspirger, David O. Hodge, Bernard J. Gersh, Raymond J. Gibbons

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

326 Scopus citations


Background: 99mTc sestamibi is a recently developed radioisotope that has been used to measure myocardium at risk and infarct size. The relation between these measurements and subsequent patient outcome has not yet been demonstrated. Methods and Results: Two hundred seventy-four consecutive patients with acute myocardial infarction underwent tomographic 99mTc sestamibi imaging on arrival at the hospital (to measure myocardium at risk before reperfusion therapy) and at hospital discharge (to measure the amount of salvaged myocardium and final infarct size). Defect size on the sestamibi images was quantified using a threshold value of 60% of peak counts from the circumferential count profile curves generated for five representative slices of the left ventricle. Patients were followed after hospital discharge to evaluate the association between final infarct size and subsequent mortality. The median defect size measured was 27% of the left ventricle at presentation to the hospital (range, 0% to 77%) and was 12% of the left ventricle at hospital discharge (range, 0% to 68%). Almost one half of the patients had a final infarct size of ≤10%. The median amount of myocardium salvaged was 9% (range, -31% to 75%). During a median duration of follow-up of 12 months, there were 10 deaths (7 cardiac and 3 noncardiac) and 1 resuscitated out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. There was a significant association between infarct size and overall mortality (χ2-8.66, P=.003) and cardiac mortality (χ2=11.89, P<.001). Two-year mortality was 7% for patients whose infarct size was ≥12% versus 0% for patients whose infarct size was <12%. There also was a significant association between myocardium at risk and cardiac mortality (χ2=6.87, P=.009). There was no association between myocardium at risk and overall mortality or between amount of myocardium salvaged and either overall mortality or cardiac mortality. Conclusions: Larger infarct size measured by 99mTc sestamibi imaging after acute myocardial infarction is associated with increased mortality risk during short-term follow-up.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)334-341
Number of pages8
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 1 1995


  • Imaging
  • Mortality
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Prognosis
  • Tc sestamibi

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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