Induction of lupus-associated autoantibodies by immunization with native and recombinant Ig polypeptides expressing a cross-reactive idiotype 4B4

Howard Dang, Noriyoshi Ogawa, Masami Takei, Konstantinos N Lazaridis, Norman Talal

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Abstract

A human mAb designated 4B4 with anti-Sm activity was derived from a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus. This antibody expressed a lupus-associated cross-reactive Id, partially related to the monoclonal murine anti-Sm (Y2) from MRL/lpr mice. Studies were performed to investigate the ability of 4B4 to induce lupus in nonautoimmune-prone mice. BALB/c mice immunized with 4B4 produced antibodies to dsDNA, ssDNA, Sm ribonucleoprotein, and mouse Fc fragment. There was no antibody activity against SSA/Ro, SSB/La, and hen egg lysozyme. Ag inhibition studies show that the autoantibodies were not polyreactive. Mice were also immunized with r4B4 polypeptides representing the H/L heterodimer, H chain and L chain. Autoantibodies were induced in mice immunized against the H/L and H polypeptides. No autoantibodies were induced in mice immunized with recombinant L chain. Furthermore, from 20 to 68% of antibody activity to Sm or dsDNA could be inhibited with anti-Id antiserum (either anti-4B4 or Y2). The autoantibody was initially IgM and then underwent an isotype switch to IgG. These results show that lupus-associated autoantibodies can be induced by immunization with 4B4 and that the 4B4 VH region is important in this induction process. The finding of murine IgG autoantibody expressing a cross-reactive Id similar to the immunizing 4B4 suggests a role for anti-idiotypic Th cells in this autoimmune response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7260-7267
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume151
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 15 1993
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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