Indoleacetic Acid and Molecular Differentiation Evidence for Interaction

Igor V. Sarkissian, Thomas C. Spelsberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Proteins of hypocotyls of bean were studied by electrophoresis. Proteins were extracted from hypocotyl segments of various stages of development starting with the relatively undifferentiated hook regions and proceeding by 2 cm segments down the hypocotyl. The proteins were the soluble (pH 7.4), the basic nuclear (histones), acidic ribonuclear and acidic chromosomal. Soluble proteins reflected differentiation of the hypocotyl in that lower hypocotyl segments had more different protein types than did the hook region. Indoleacetic acid (IAA) at 10−6M when applied to the lower hypocotyl appeared to induce still more different proteins. However, at 10−3M, IAA appeared to induce molecular dedifferentiation in that hypocotyl protein patterns began to resemble those of the hook. Histones also reflected differentiation, the hook having more histone types than the lower hypocotyl. IAA had no effect on histones. The hook region had two types of acidic chromosomal proteins, the lower hypocotyl one. When lower hypocotyl segments were incubated in 10−3M IAA, the protein pattern resembled that of the hook in that the second protein normally present in the hook and not in the hypocotyl was in fact induced in the hypocotyl. The hook had two acidic ribonuclear proteins, the lower hypocotyl one. IAA did not affect this protein. These experiments suggest that IAA in some manner regulates molecular (protein) differentiation. It is further suggested that IAA accomplishes this control through the acidic nuclear proteins which are closely associated with genetic material and which reflect differentiation and are also affected by IAA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)991-998
Number of pages8
JournalPhysiologia Plantarum
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1967
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology
  • Genetics
  • Physiology

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