Individualized kV selection and tube current reduction in excretory phase computed tomography urography: potential for radiation dose reduction and the contribution of iterative reconstruction to image quality.

Adam T. Froemming, Akira Kawashima, Naoki Takahashi, Robert P. Hartman, Mark A. Nathan, Rickey E. Carter, Lifeng Yu, Shuai Leng, Hiroki Kagoshima, Cynthia H. McCollough, Joel G. Fletcher

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16 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective of this study was to analyze radiation dose reduction and image quality by combining automated kV selection, tube current reduction, and iterative reconstruction. This was a retrospective analysis of the excretory phase of 55 patients with 2 computed tomography urography examinations: automated kV selection with tube current reduction ("low-dose protocol": with filtered back projection vs iterative reconstruction) and routine dose examinations. Image quality was analyzed blindly and in side-by-side analyses, in addition to quantitative measurements. Low-dose protocol median dose change was -40% (-10.7 to +12.9 mGy); 100 kV was autoselected in 44 (80%) of 55 patients (body mass index range, 19-36 kg/m) with mean dose reduction of 42.5%. Whereas up to 19% of low-dose images with filtered back projection were inferior by blinded review (P < 0.001), low-dose iterative reconstruction images were not rated inferior (P = 1.0). The combination of iterative reconstruction, automated kV selection, and tube current reduction results in radiation dose reduction with preserved image quality and diagnostic confidence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)551-559
Number of pages9
JournalUnknown Journal
Volume37
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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