Aortic valve replacement for isolated aortic regurgitation (AR) is usually not indicated unless the regurgitation is severe. However, not all patients with severe AR, require aortic valve replacement. This review focuses on the causes of AR and the pathophysiology of acute versus chronic AR, and the attendant adaptive mechanisms of the left ventricle that ultimately determine their different natural histories. Aortic valve surgery must be performed in a timely manner to prevent cardiac death, ameliorate symptoms, and limit late postoperative excess mortality.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine