We sought to propose a magnetic resonance (MR) imaging-derived index of biventricular interdependence as a diagnostic parameter to distinguish patients with surgically-confirmed pericardial constriction from those without. Free-breathing real time MR pulse sequences of seventeen subjects with surgically proven constrictive pericarditis and thirty-five patients referred for clinically-indicated cardiac MR examinations but without documented constriction were analyzed using a novel index of biventricular interdependence. Cross-sectional biventricular areas at end diastole using the epicardial surface were traced at the mid left ventricular level at end-inspiration and end-expiration and an index of biventricular interdependence, defined as the ratio of (biventricular end-diastolic area at end-inspiration)/(biventricular end-diastolic area at end-expiration) was calculated for each subject. The mean index for both groups was calculated and results were statistically compared. The index of biventricular interdependence approximated unity (mean index 1.03 ± 0.03 SD) in patients with surgically confirmed pericardial constriction, indicating similar biventricular area at end-inspiration and end-expiration, and was significantly lower than in individuals without constrictive pericarditis (mean index 1.28 ± 0.10 SD; p < 0.0001). The MR-derived index of biventricular interdependence was significantly different between subjects with surgically-confirmed pericardial constriction and subjects where pericardial constraint was not suspected and may serve as a useful metric in the hemodynamic assessment of patients with a potential diagnosis of constrictive pericarditis.
- Constrictive pericarditis
- Ventricular interdependence
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine