Incretin effect potentiates β-cell responsivity to glucose as well as to its rate of change: OGTT and matched intravenous study

Marco Campioni, Gianna Toffolo, Lynne T. Shuster, F. John Service, Robert A. Rizza, Claudio Cobelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of this study is to gain greater insight into the mechanism whereby "incretins" (greater insulinemia after oral than intravenous glucose) enhance insulin secretion. To do so, we use a model of C-peptide secretion to reanalyze data from a previously published study in which glycemic profiles observed following glucose ingestion were matched in the same 10 subjects by means of an intravenous glucose infusion. We report that incretins increase insulin secretion by enhancing both the dynamic (to the rate of increase of glucose) and static (to given glucose concentration) response with an increase of 58% for the static (Φs = 16.4 ± 1.8 vs. 24.6 ± 2.0 10-9 min-1, P = 0.01) and 63% for the dynamic (Φd = 278 ± 32 vs. 463 ± 86 10-9, P = 0.02) indexes. Since increases in the dynamic response to glucose are believed to be due to an increase in the rate of docking, and exocytosis of insulin containing granules and increases in the static response to glucose are believed to be caused by a shift in the sensitivity of the β-cell to glucose, these results suggest that incretins may modulate more than one step in the β-cell insulin secretory cascade.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E54-E60
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume292
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2007

Keywords

  • Insulin secretion
  • Minimal model
  • Oral glucose tolertance test
  • β-cell function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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