Background: Left ventricular (LV) pressure overload and coronary artery disease are common in patients with coarctation of aorta (COA), and they are risk factors for LV diastolic dysfunction. Patients with COA may have aortic vasculopathy that can result in LV pressure overload even in the absence of hemodynamically significant COA. We therefore hypothesized that patients with mild COA (without hemodynamically significant COA) will have more LV diastolic dysfunction compared to controls. Methods: Adult patients with mild COA (Doppler peak velocity < 2.5 m/s) were matched 1:1 to patients without structural heart disease using propensity score method based on age, sex, body mass index, hypertension and blood pressure. The objective was to compare LV diastolic dysfunction (defined as E/e′ > 2 standard deviations above age-specific normative values) between adults with repaired COA and controls. Results: Of 204 COA and 204 control patients (age 35 ± 12 years), patients with COA had higher septal and lateral E/e′ ratio (12 ± 4 vs 9 ± 4, p = 0.009) and (10 ± 3 vs 7 ± 3, p < 0.001), respectively. Compared to controls, the prevalence of LV diastolic dysfunction was higher in patients with COA for every age group: <40 years (63% vs 13%, p < 0.001); 41–60 years (87% vs 33%, p < 0.001); age > 60 years (82% vs 56%, p = 0.076). Left ventricular mass index (LVMI) was the strongest determinant of E/e′ (β = 2.71 per 10 g/m2, standard error = 1.25, p < 0.001). Conclusion: LV diastolic dysfunction was common in patients with COA, and the association with LVMI suggests that patients with COA may have ongoing LV pressure overload in the absence of hemodynamically significant re-coarctation.
- Coarctation of aorta
- Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction
- Left ventricular hypertrophy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine