Increased oxidative stress in experimental renovascular hypertension

Lilach O. Lerman, Karl A. Nath, Martin Rodriguez-Porcel, James D. Krier, Robert S. Schwartz, Claudio Napoli, J. Carlos Romero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

231 Scopus citations

Abstract

The pathophysiological mechanisms responsible for maintenance of chronic renovascular hypertension remain undefined. Excess angiotensin II generation may lead to release of reactive oxygen species and increased vasoconstrictor activity. To examine the potential involvement of oxidation-sensitive mechanisms in the pathophysiology of renovascular hypertension, blood samples were collected and renal blood flow measured with electron-beam computed tomography in pigs 5 and 10 weeks after induction of unilateral renal artery stenosis (n=7) or sham operation (n=7). Five weeks after procedure, plasma renin activity and mean arterial pressure were elevated in hypertensive pigs. Levels of prostaglandin F2α (PGF)-isoprostanes, vasoconstrictors and markers of oxidative stress, also were significantly increased (157±21 versus 99±16 pg/mL; P<0.05) and correlated with both plasma renin activity (r=0.83) and arterial pressure (r=0.82). By 10 weeks, plasma renin activity returned to baseline but arterial pressure remained elevated (144±10 versus 115±5 mm Hg: P<0.05). Isoprostane levels remained high and still correlated directly with the increase in arterial pressure (r=0.7) but not with plasma renin activity. Stenotic kidney blood flow was decreased at both studies. In shock-frozen cortical tissue, ex vivo endogenous intracellular radical scavengers were significantly decreased in both kidneys. The present study demonstrates, for the first time, that in early renovascular hypertension, an increase in plasma renin activity and arterial pressure is associated with increased systemic oxidative stress. When plasma renin activity later declines, PGF-isoprostanes remain elevated, possibly due to local activation or slow responses to angiotensin II, and may participate in sustenance of arterial pressure. Moreover, oxidation-sensitive mechanisms may influence ischemic and hypertensive parenchymal renal injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)541-546
Number of pages6
JournalHypertension
Volume37
Issue number2 II
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Angiotensin II
  • Hypertension, renal
  • Isoprostanes
  • Renin
  • Stress, oxidative

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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