Increased orderliness of growth hormone (GH) secretion in GH-deficient adults with low serum insulin-like growth factor I

Johan Svensson, Johannes D Veldhuis, Ali Iranmanesh, Bengt Åke Bengtsson, Gudmundur Johannsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Available studies suggest that a proportion of GH-deficient (GHD) adults maintain serum IGF-I concentrations within the age- and sex-matched normal range. The basis for this distinction is not known. In this study 24-h GH profiles (sampling every 30 min) were appraised in five GHD adults with low serum IGF-I concentrations (<2 SD of the age- and sex-matched normal range), five GHD adults with normal serum IGF-I levels (within ±2 SD), and five healthy subjects. Serial GH concentrations, measured using a chemiluminescence assay, were analyzed by deconvolution and approximate entropy (ApEn; regularity) analyses. The apparent half-duration of GH secretory bursts was longer in both GHD groups than in the healthy controls, as determined by deconvolution analysis (P < 0.05 each). The GH burst frequency was higher, the interburst interval was shorter, and the GH burst amplitude was lower in GHD adults with normal serum IGF-I than in healthy controls (P < 0.05, P < 0.05, and P < 0.01, respectively). The percentage of total daily GH secretion that was pulsatile was also reduced in the GHD adults with normal serum IGF-I compared with the other two groups (P < 0.05 and P < 0.05, respectively). In contrast, ApEn ratios were lower in the GHD adults with low serum IGF-I than in the GHD adults with normal IGF-I and controls (P < 0.01 and P < 0.05, respectively). Serum IGF-I concentrations correlated positively with ApEn ratios in the total study population (n = 15) and in the GHD adults (n = 10). In conclusion, 24-h patterns of GH release differed in GHD adults with low vs. normal serum IGF-I concentrations. GHD adults with low IGF-I levels maintain low ApEn ratios (denoting greater relative orderliness of GH secretion), whereas GHD patients with normal IGF-I values generate a high frequency, low amplitude GH output. The foregoing contrasts point to distinct neuroendocrine features of the GH-deficient state of adults, which can be related to concurrent IGF-I production.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2863-2869
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume87
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

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Insulin-Like Growth Factor I
Growth Hormone
Serum
Deconvolution
Reference Values
Chemiluminescence
Entropy
Luminescence
Assays
Healthy Volunteers
Sampling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Increased orderliness of growth hormone (GH) secretion in GH-deficient adults with low serum insulin-like growth factor I. / Svensson, Johan; Veldhuis, Johannes D; Iranmanesh, Ali; Bengtsson, Bengt Åke; Johannsson, Gudmundur.

In: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, Vol. 87, No. 6, 2002, p. 2863-2869.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Svensson, Johan ; Veldhuis, Johannes D ; Iranmanesh, Ali ; Bengtsson, Bengt Åke ; Johannsson, Gudmundur. / Increased orderliness of growth hormone (GH) secretion in GH-deficient adults with low serum insulin-like growth factor I. In: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2002 ; Vol. 87, No. 6. pp. 2863-2869.
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AU - Johannsson, Gudmundur

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N2 - Available studies suggest that a proportion of GH-deficient (GHD) adults maintain serum IGF-I concentrations within the age- and sex-matched normal range. The basis for this distinction is not known. In this study 24-h GH profiles (sampling every 30 min) were appraised in five GHD adults with low serum IGF-I concentrations (<2 SD of the age- and sex-matched normal range), five GHD adults with normal serum IGF-I levels (within ±2 SD), and five healthy subjects. Serial GH concentrations, measured using a chemiluminescence assay, were analyzed by deconvolution and approximate entropy (ApEn; regularity) analyses. The apparent half-duration of GH secretory bursts was longer in both GHD groups than in the healthy controls, as determined by deconvolution analysis (P < 0.05 each). The GH burst frequency was higher, the interburst interval was shorter, and the GH burst amplitude was lower in GHD adults with normal serum IGF-I than in healthy controls (P < 0.05, P < 0.05, and P < 0.01, respectively). The percentage of total daily GH secretion that was pulsatile was also reduced in the GHD adults with normal serum IGF-I compared with the other two groups (P < 0.05 and P < 0.05, respectively). In contrast, ApEn ratios were lower in the GHD adults with low serum IGF-I than in the GHD adults with normal IGF-I and controls (P < 0.01 and P < 0.05, respectively). Serum IGF-I concentrations correlated positively with ApEn ratios in the total study population (n = 15) and in the GHD adults (n = 10). In conclusion, 24-h patterns of GH release differed in GHD adults with low vs. normal serum IGF-I concentrations. GHD adults with low IGF-I levels maintain low ApEn ratios (denoting greater relative orderliness of GH secretion), whereas GHD patients with normal IGF-I values generate a high frequency, low amplitude GH output. The foregoing contrasts point to distinct neuroendocrine features of the GH-deficient state of adults, which can be related to concurrent IGF-I production.

AB - Available studies suggest that a proportion of GH-deficient (GHD) adults maintain serum IGF-I concentrations within the age- and sex-matched normal range. The basis for this distinction is not known. In this study 24-h GH profiles (sampling every 30 min) were appraised in five GHD adults with low serum IGF-I concentrations (<2 SD of the age- and sex-matched normal range), five GHD adults with normal serum IGF-I levels (within ±2 SD), and five healthy subjects. Serial GH concentrations, measured using a chemiluminescence assay, were analyzed by deconvolution and approximate entropy (ApEn; regularity) analyses. The apparent half-duration of GH secretory bursts was longer in both GHD groups than in the healthy controls, as determined by deconvolution analysis (P < 0.05 each). The GH burst frequency was higher, the interburst interval was shorter, and the GH burst amplitude was lower in GHD adults with normal serum IGF-I than in healthy controls (P < 0.05, P < 0.05, and P < 0.01, respectively). The percentage of total daily GH secretion that was pulsatile was also reduced in the GHD adults with normal serum IGF-I compared with the other two groups (P < 0.05 and P < 0.05, respectively). In contrast, ApEn ratios were lower in the GHD adults with low serum IGF-I than in the GHD adults with normal IGF-I and controls (P < 0.01 and P < 0.05, respectively). Serum IGF-I concentrations correlated positively with ApEn ratios in the total study population (n = 15) and in the GHD adults (n = 10). In conclusion, 24-h patterns of GH release differed in GHD adults with low vs. normal serum IGF-I concentrations. GHD adults with low IGF-I levels maintain low ApEn ratios (denoting greater relative orderliness of GH secretion), whereas GHD patients with normal IGF-I values generate a high frequency, low amplitude GH output. The foregoing contrasts point to distinct neuroendocrine features of the GH-deficient state of adults, which can be related to concurrent IGF-I production.

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