Increase and uncoupling of adrenomedullin from the natriuretic peptide system in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage

E. F M Wijdicks, D. M. Heublein, John C Jr. Burnett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Object. Natriuresis is a common systemic manifestation of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Natriuresis and its accompanying hypovolemia may be a major contributing factor in the pathophysiology of symptomatic cerebral vasospasm. Methods. The authors studied 14 consecutive patients with aneurysmal SAH and compared levels of adrenomedullin (ADM), a novel endogenous natriuretic peptide that possesses additional profound vasodilatory properties, with the natriuretic peptide system by using radioimmunoassay. The mean ADM values on admission were 24.8 pg/ml, a twofold increase over control values, but no correlation was found with atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), and C-natriuretic peptide (CNP) from the natriuretic peptide system. At Day 5 post-SAH, ADM levels were significantly elevated in patients with vasospasm documented angiographically or on transcranial Doppler studies as compared with those who suffered no vasospasm (mean 61.9 pg/ml compared with 15.3 pg/ml, p < 0.01). Conclusions. The authors conclude that an elevation of ADM in plasma may indicate a physiological regulatory attempt to induce cerebral vasodilation. The regulation of ADM is uncoupled from ANP, BNP, and CNP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)252-256
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Neurosurgery
Volume94
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2001

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Adrenomedullin
Natriuretic Peptides
Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
Natriuresis
Brain Natriuretic Peptide
Atrial Natriuretic Factor
Intracranial Vasospasm
Hypovolemia
Vasodilation
Radioimmunoassay

Keywords

  • Adrenomedullin
  • Atrial natriuretic factor
  • Brain natriuretic factor cerebral vasospasm
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Increase and uncoupling of adrenomedullin from the natriuretic peptide system in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. / Wijdicks, E. F M; Heublein, D. M.; Burnett, John C Jr.

In: Journal of Neurosurgery, Vol. 94, No. 2, 2001, p. 252-256.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - Object. Natriuresis is a common systemic manifestation of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Natriuresis and its accompanying hypovolemia may be a major contributing factor in the pathophysiology of symptomatic cerebral vasospasm. Methods. The authors studied 14 consecutive patients with aneurysmal SAH and compared levels of adrenomedullin (ADM), a novel endogenous natriuretic peptide that possesses additional profound vasodilatory properties, with the natriuretic peptide system by using radioimmunoassay. The mean ADM values on admission were 24.8 pg/ml, a twofold increase over control values, but no correlation was found with atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), and C-natriuretic peptide (CNP) from the natriuretic peptide system. At Day 5 post-SAH, ADM levels were significantly elevated in patients with vasospasm documented angiographically or on transcranial Doppler studies as compared with those who suffered no vasospasm (mean 61.9 pg/ml compared with 15.3 pg/ml, p < 0.01). Conclusions. The authors conclude that an elevation of ADM in plasma may indicate a physiological regulatory attempt to induce cerebral vasodilation. The regulation of ADM is uncoupled from ANP, BNP, and CNP.

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