We describe the generation of murine leukemia virus (MLV) virus particles carrying the paramyxovirus fusion protein F from simian virus 5 (SV5-F). This glycoprotein was expressed in cells providing Moloney MLV (MoMLV) Gag and Pol proteins and a lacZ retroviral vector. SV5-F was correctly expressed, processed, and efficiently incorporated into retroviral particles. SV5-F-bearing retroviruses were not infectious although a weak binding to primate and rodent cells could be detected and SV5-F could mediate cell to cell fusion. We then co-expressed the SV5-F glycoprotein in retroviral particles with chimeric and wild-type MoMLV envelope glycoproteins. Our results show that F strongly inhibited infection via the retroviral envelopes although the mechanism of inhibition was different depending on the retroviral envelope used. (C) 2000 Academic Press.
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