Incidental prostate cancer (PCa) after treatment of benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) is becoming less common. This is a result of the changing patterns of BPH treatment. The purpose of the present research was to re-examine the clinical outcomes and importance of cT1a and cT1b PCa in a contemporary cohort after holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP). All patients with newly diagnosed PCa after HoLEP were retrospectively identified. Pre- and postoperative prostate-specific antigen (PSA), biopsy history, pathological features and disease progression were examined. Patients were matched to a control group with benign pathology for outcome comparisons. The database consisted of 240 consecutive patients, aged 52-90years with prostate sizes from 25 to 375cm3. A total of 28 patients were identified with incidental PCa (14 cT1a and 14 cT1b). Median follow up was 11months and 13months for cT1a and cT1b, respectively. Hospitalization time, catheterization time, complications and functional outcomes were similar. Three patients with cT1b required additional treatment as a result of PSA progression. All other cancers are being closely followed. The functional benefits of HoLEP are well established. The incidental PCa detection rate of 11.7% shows the potential benefit of pathological analysis. Just 10.7% of these patients received additional treatment, but this might be significant as these patients would otherwise go untreated. The impact on disease-specific survival and progression requires a longer follow up.
- Benign prostate hyperplasia
- Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate
- Prostate cancer
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