Objectives: To evaluate nationwide incidence, sociodemographic associations and treatment penetration of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) in Norway. Methods: The study combined data from nationwide registries on the total Norwegian adult population (age ≥ 18). From the Norwegian Patient Registry, incident RA and PsA cases during 2011–2015 were identified with records of first and second healthcare episodes listing RA/PsA diagnostic codes, and ≥ 1 episode in an internal medicine or rheumatology unit with RA/PsA code during the two-year period after the first episode. Dispensed DMARD prescriptions were obtained from the Norwegian Prescription Database. Persons with dispensed DMARD prescriptions or biologic DMARDs given in hospitals > 12 months before the index date were excluded. Results: Incidence of RA/PsA in Norway was 42/26 per 100,000 person-years (55/28 among women and 28/23 among men). RA peak incidence was observed at ages 70–79 in both sexes, whereas the peak incidence of PsA occurred at ages 50–59. Age- and sex-standardized incidences of RA and PsA were lower among persons with higher education levels. Within a year from the index date, 82.4/57.4% of RA/PsA patients used synthetic DMARDs while 9.4/9.5% used biologic DMARDs. Conclusions: Register-based incidence estimates for RA and PsA in Norway are similar to other Nordic countries, but slightly higher than in previous Norwegian studies. Furthermore, we found that higher socioeconomic status was associated with lower incidence of both RA and PsA. Although conventional synthetic DMARDs were less often used in early PsA than RA, frequency of biologic DMARD prescriptions was comparable.
- Antirheumatic agents
- Psoriatic arthritis
- Rheumatoid arthritis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine