Translocations involving the T-cell receptor (TCR) and TCL1 genes occur in T-cell precursor lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma and prolymphocytic leukemia; isochromosome 7q has been associated with hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma. However, the incidence of these abnormalities in peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTCLs) as a whole has not been well defined. We studied genetic abnormalities in 124 PTCLs seen at the Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, between 1987 and 2007. Tissue microarrays were screened using 2-color break-apart fluorescence in situ hybridization probes flanking the TCRα (TCRA, 14q11), TCRβ (TCRB, 7q35), and TCRaγ (TCRG, 7p15) genes and the TCL1 gene (14q32). Isochromosome 7q was analyzed by using a 2-color probe to 7p and 7q32.1. Translocations involved TCRA in 3 (2.9%) of 102 cases and TCRB in 1 (1%) of 88. Isochromosome 7q was detected in 2 cases of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type, and 2 cases of anaplastic lymphoma kinase-negative anaplastic large cell lymphoma. One of the latter cases also had a translocation of TCRA, and further studies confirmed a novel t(5;14) translocation.
- Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma
- Fluorescence in situ hybridization
- Isochromosome 7q
- Peripheral T-cell lymphoma
- T-cell receptor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine