Incidence of Subclinical Atherosclerosis as a Marker of Cardiovascular Risk in Retired Professional Football Players

R. Todd Hurst, Robert F. Burke, Erik Wissner, Arthur Roberts, Christopher B. Kendall, Steven Jay Lester, Virend Somers, Martin E. Goldman, Qing Wu, Bijoy Khandheria

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate subclinical atherosclerosis in retired professional football players. Two hundred one healthy former professional football players (mean age 50.8 years; mean body mass index 31.5 kg/m2) were screened for the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, metabolic syndrome, and subclinical atherosclerosis by carotid artery ultrasound and compared with a cohort of men of similar body mass index referred for the assessment of subclinical atherosclerosis by carotid ultrasound. The prevalence of carotid artery plaque in the players was not significantly different from that of the body mass index-matched patients (33.3% vs 29.3%, p = 0.45). For the 2 groups, the prevalence of carotid artery plaque was >3 times higher than that reported in general population studies of patients with the same age range, gender, and exclusions. Metabolic syndrome prevalence was higher in linemen than in nonlinemen (45.8% vs 22.5%, p = 0.001), but there was no statistical difference in plaque presence between linemen and nonlinemen (27.1% vs 35.9%, p = 0.23). In conclusion, despite their elite athletic histories, former professional football players have a similar prevalence of advanced subclinical atherosclerosis as a clinically referred population of overweight and obese men.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1107-1111
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume105
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 15 2010

Fingerprint

Football
Atherosclerosis
Incidence
Body Mass Index
Carotid Stenosis
Carotid Artery Diseases
Carotid Arteries
Population
Sports

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Incidence of Subclinical Atherosclerosis as a Marker of Cardiovascular Risk in Retired Professional Football Players. / Hurst, R. Todd; Burke, Robert F.; Wissner, Erik; Roberts, Arthur; Kendall, Christopher B.; Lester, Steven Jay; Somers, Virend; Goldman, Martin E.; Wu, Qing; Khandheria, Bijoy.

In: American Journal of Cardiology, Vol. 105, No. 8, 15.04.2010, p. 1107-1111.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hurst, R. Todd ; Burke, Robert F. ; Wissner, Erik ; Roberts, Arthur ; Kendall, Christopher B. ; Lester, Steven Jay ; Somers, Virend ; Goldman, Martin E. ; Wu, Qing ; Khandheria, Bijoy. / Incidence of Subclinical Atherosclerosis as a Marker of Cardiovascular Risk in Retired Professional Football Players. In: American Journal of Cardiology. 2010 ; Vol. 105, No. 8. pp. 1107-1111.
@article{2eb88480ab6242febf53426375c82704,
title = "Incidence of Subclinical Atherosclerosis as a Marker of Cardiovascular Risk in Retired Professional Football Players",
abstract = "The purpose of this study was to evaluate subclinical atherosclerosis in retired professional football players. Two hundred one healthy former professional football players (mean age 50.8 years; mean body mass index 31.5 kg/m2) were screened for the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, metabolic syndrome, and subclinical atherosclerosis by carotid artery ultrasound and compared with a cohort of men of similar body mass index referred for the assessment of subclinical atherosclerosis by carotid ultrasound. The prevalence of carotid artery plaque in the players was not significantly different from that of the body mass index-matched patients (33.3{\%} vs 29.3{\%}, p = 0.45). For the 2 groups, the prevalence of carotid artery plaque was >3 times higher than that reported in general population studies of patients with the same age range, gender, and exclusions. Metabolic syndrome prevalence was higher in linemen than in nonlinemen (45.8{\%} vs 22.5{\%}, p = 0.001), but there was no statistical difference in plaque presence between linemen and nonlinemen (27.1{\%} vs 35.9{\%}, p = 0.23). In conclusion, despite their elite athletic histories, former professional football players have a similar prevalence of advanced subclinical atherosclerosis as a clinically referred population of overweight and obese men.",
author = "Hurst, {R. Todd} and Burke, {Robert F.} and Erik Wissner and Arthur Roberts and Kendall, {Christopher B.} and Lester, {Steven Jay} and Virend Somers and Goldman, {Martin E.} and Qing Wu and Bijoy Khandheria",
year = "2010",
month = "4",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.amjcard.2009.12.012",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "105",
pages = "1107--1111",
journal = "American Journal of Cardiology",
issn = "0002-9149",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Incidence of Subclinical Atherosclerosis as a Marker of Cardiovascular Risk in Retired Professional Football Players

AU - Hurst, R. Todd

AU - Burke, Robert F.

AU - Wissner, Erik

AU - Roberts, Arthur

AU - Kendall, Christopher B.

AU - Lester, Steven Jay

AU - Somers, Virend

AU - Goldman, Martin E.

AU - Wu, Qing

AU - Khandheria, Bijoy

PY - 2010/4/15

Y1 - 2010/4/15

N2 - The purpose of this study was to evaluate subclinical atherosclerosis in retired professional football players. Two hundred one healthy former professional football players (mean age 50.8 years; mean body mass index 31.5 kg/m2) were screened for the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, metabolic syndrome, and subclinical atherosclerosis by carotid artery ultrasound and compared with a cohort of men of similar body mass index referred for the assessment of subclinical atherosclerosis by carotid ultrasound. The prevalence of carotid artery plaque in the players was not significantly different from that of the body mass index-matched patients (33.3% vs 29.3%, p = 0.45). For the 2 groups, the prevalence of carotid artery plaque was >3 times higher than that reported in general population studies of patients with the same age range, gender, and exclusions. Metabolic syndrome prevalence was higher in linemen than in nonlinemen (45.8% vs 22.5%, p = 0.001), but there was no statistical difference in plaque presence between linemen and nonlinemen (27.1% vs 35.9%, p = 0.23). In conclusion, despite their elite athletic histories, former professional football players have a similar prevalence of advanced subclinical atherosclerosis as a clinically referred population of overweight and obese men.

AB - The purpose of this study was to evaluate subclinical atherosclerosis in retired professional football players. Two hundred one healthy former professional football players (mean age 50.8 years; mean body mass index 31.5 kg/m2) were screened for the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, metabolic syndrome, and subclinical atherosclerosis by carotid artery ultrasound and compared with a cohort of men of similar body mass index referred for the assessment of subclinical atherosclerosis by carotid ultrasound. The prevalence of carotid artery plaque in the players was not significantly different from that of the body mass index-matched patients (33.3% vs 29.3%, p = 0.45). For the 2 groups, the prevalence of carotid artery plaque was >3 times higher than that reported in general population studies of patients with the same age range, gender, and exclusions. Metabolic syndrome prevalence was higher in linemen than in nonlinemen (45.8% vs 22.5%, p = 0.001), but there was no statistical difference in plaque presence between linemen and nonlinemen (27.1% vs 35.9%, p = 0.23). In conclusion, despite their elite athletic histories, former professional football players have a similar prevalence of advanced subclinical atherosclerosis as a clinically referred population of overweight and obese men.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77950369328&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77950369328&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.amjcard.2009.12.012

DO - 10.1016/j.amjcard.2009.12.012

M3 - Article

C2 - 20381661

AN - SCOPUS:77950369328

VL - 105

SP - 1107

EP - 1111

JO - American Journal of Cardiology

JF - American Journal of Cardiology

SN - 0002-9149

IS - 8

ER -