Aims: We sought to determine whether the incidence of and survival following congestive heart failure (CHF) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) have changed over time. Methods and results: Olmsted County, Minnesota residents diagnosed with first AF during 1980-2000 were identified and followed in medical records to 2004. The trends of incidence and survival of CHF over time were assessed. Of the 3288 subjects (mean age 71 ± 15 years) diagnosed with first AF and without CHF prior to or at AF diagnosis, 790 (24%) developed a first CHF during a mean follow-up of 6.1 ± 5.2 years (unadjusted incidence, 44 per 1000 person years). Age- and sex-adjusted CHF incidence was unrelated to calendar year of AF diagnosis (P = 0.86). The age- and sex-adjusted mortality risk following CHF was higher than that in patients without CHF (hazard ratio 3.4, 95% confidence interval 3.1-3.8, P < 0.0001). There were no detectable changes over time with respect to the absolute (P = 0.94) or the relative (P = 0.68) mortality risk after CHF diagnosis. Conclusion: In this study spanning two decades, there appeared to have been no significant reduction in terms of the incidence and mortality risk of CHF following first AF diagnosis.
- Atrial fibrillation
- Heart failure
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine