The mechanisms responsible for late and very late stent thrombosis remain incompletely understood. This study aimed to evaluate the incidence and morphologic predictors of intrastent thrombus in patients after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation using optical coherence tomography (OCT). A total of 208 patients with 262 DES who underwent follow-up OCT examination >6 months after DES implantation were included. The detailed vascular morphology including characteristics of neointima was analyzed. Thrombus was identified in 24 patients (11.5%) 11 months after DES implantation. Minimal lumen cross-sectional area was significantly smaller in the thrombus group than in the nonthrombus group (2.9 ± 1.7 vs 4.6 ± 2.0 mm2; p <0.001). No difference was found in the frequency of uncovered or malapposed struts between the 2 groups. Thin-cap fibroatheroma (20.6% vs 0.1%; p <0.001) and heterogeneous neointima (22.2% vs 9.0%; p = 0.001) were more frequently detected in the thrombus group compared to the nonthrombus group. Second-generation DES showed lower incidence of thrombus, uncovered struts, and extrastent lumen compared with first-generation DES. In conclusion, the present OCT study revealed that smaller lumen cross-sectional area and neointimal morphology are important factors associated with intrastent thrombus. Second-generation DES demonstrated improved arterial healing and a lower incidence of intrastent thrombus compared with first-generation DES.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine