Incidence and impact of postoperative atrial fibrillation after minimally invasive esophagectomy

R. W. Day, D. Jaroszewski, Y. H H Chang, Helen J Ross, Harshita Paripati, J. B. Ashman, W. G. Rule, K. L. Harold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Atrial fibrillation (AF) following open esophagectomy has been associated with increased rates of pulmonary and anastomotic complications, and mortality. This study seeks to evaluate effects of AF after minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE). A retrospective review of patients consecutively treated with MIE for esophageal carcinoma, dysplasia. and benign disease from November 2006 to November 2011 was performed. One hundred twenty-one patients underwent MIE. Median age was 65 years (range 26–88) with 85% being male. Thirty-eight (31.4%) patients developed AF postoperatively. Of these 38 patients, 7 (18.4%) had known AF preoperatively. Patients with postoperative AF were significantly older than those without postoperative AF (68.7 vs. 62.8 years, P = 0.008) and more likely to be male (94.7% vs. 80.7%, P = 0.04). Neoadjuvant chemoradiation showed a trend toward increased risk of AF (73.7% vs 56.6%, P = 0.07). Sixty-day mortality was 2 of 38 (5.3%) in patients with AF and 4 of 83 (6.0%) in the no AF cohort (P = 1.00). The group with AF had increased length of hospitalization (13.4 days vs. 10.6 days P = 0.02). No significant differences in rates of pneumonia (31.6% vs. 21.7% P = 0.24), stricture (13.2% vs. 26.5% P = 0.10), or leak requiring return to operating room (13.2% vs. 8.4% P = 0.51) were noted between groups. We did not find an increased rate of AF in our MIE cohort compared with prior reported rates in open esophagectomy populations. AF did result in an increased length of stay but was not a predictor of other short-term morbidities including anastomotic leak, pulmonary complications, stenosis, or 60-day mortality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)583-588
Number of pages6
JournalDiseases of the Esophagus
Volume29
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2016

Fingerprint

Esophagectomy
Atrial Fibrillation
Incidence
Mortality
Anastomotic Leak
Pulmonary Valve Stenosis
Operating Rooms
Length of Stay
Pneumonia
Pathologic Constriction
Hospitalization

Keywords

  • atrial fibrillation
  • locally advanced esophageal carcinoma
  • minimally invasive esophagectomy
  • prophylaxis of atrial fibrillation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

Incidence and impact of postoperative atrial fibrillation after minimally invasive esophagectomy. / Day, R. W.; Jaroszewski, D.; Chang, Y. H H; Ross, Helen J; Paripati, Harshita; Ashman, J. B.; Rule, W. G.; Harold, K. L.

In: Diseases of the Esophagus, Vol. 29, No. 6, 01.08.2016, p. 583-588.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Day, R. W. ; Jaroszewski, D. ; Chang, Y. H H ; Ross, Helen J ; Paripati, Harshita ; Ashman, J. B. ; Rule, W. G. ; Harold, K. L. / Incidence and impact of postoperative atrial fibrillation after minimally invasive esophagectomy. In: Diseases of the Esophagus. 2016 ; Vol. 29, No. 6. pp. 583-588.
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abstract = "Atrial fibrillation (AF) following open esophagectomy has been associated with increased rates of pulmonary and anastomotic complications, and mortality. This study seeks to evaluate effects of AF after minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE). A retrospective review of patients consecutively treated with MIE for esophageal carcinoma, dysplasia. and benign disease from November 2006 to November 2011 was performed. One hundred twenty-one patients underwent MIE. Median age was 65 years (range 26–88) with 85{\%} being male. Thirty-eight (31.4{\%}) patients developed AF postoperatively. Of these 38 patients, 7 (18.4{\%}) had known AF preoperatively. Patients with postoperative AF were significantly older than those without postoperative AF (68.7 vs. 62.8 years, P = 0.008) and more likely to be male (94.7{\%} vs. 80.7{\%}, P = 0.04). Neoadjuvant chemoradiation showed a trend toward increased risk of AF (73.7{\%} vs 56.6{\%}, P = 0.07). Sixty-day mortality was 2 of 38 (5.3{\%}) in patients with AF and 4 of 83 (6.0{\%}) in the no AF cohort (P = 1.00). The group with AF had increased length of hospitalization (13.4 days vs. 10.6 days P = 0.02). No significant differences in rates of pneumonia (31.6{\%} vs. 21.7{\%} P = 0.24), stricture (13.2{\%} vs. 26.5{\%} P = 0.10), or leak requiring return to operating room (13.2{\%} vs. 8.4{\%} P = 0.51) were noted between groups. We did not find an increased rate of AF in our MIE cohort compared with prior reported rates in open esophagectomy populations. AF did result in an increased length of stay but was not a predictor of other short-term morbidities including anastomotic leak, pulmonary complications, stenosis, or 60-day mortality.",
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