Inborn errors of metabolism (IEMs) are individually rare, but collectively common, and impose a burden on affected individuals, their families and society that is disproportionate to their individual incidence and prevalence. Child neurologists should be able to recognize the possibility of an IEM as the cause of their patients' symptoms and signs, and utilize online and print resources to initiate an appropriate work up and referrals. The foundation of this knowledge is an understanding of the mechanisms of IEMs, coupled with a practical classification of the relevant diseases, and knowledge of the resources available to make diagnoses and devise treatment plans. They should also be prepared to manage affected children as part of a multidisciplinary team that draws on the skills of other professionals and community organizations. Because of rapid advances in diagnostic technology and the improving survival of children with IEMs, all child neurologists should anticipate caring for children and families with IEMs, and must acquire the ability to diagnose and manage these disorders as part of their residency training, recognizing that maintenance of this competence requires a commitment to life-long learning.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Clinical Neurology