In vivo studies with low doses of levocabastine and diphenhydramine, but not pyrilamine, antagonize neurotensin-mediated antinociception

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The present study describes in vivo experiments in the rat addressing the role of levocabastine, and two other specific histamine H antagonists, diphenhydramine and pyrilamine, at neurotensin (NT)-mediated hypothermia and antinociception (hotplate). Levocabastine given i.p. or microinjected directly into the periaqueductal gray (PAG) did not cause antinociception or hypothermia. This indicates that despite the results with the recently- cloned levocabastine-sensitive NT receptors (NTR) in the rat (NTR-2) and mouse (NTRL), levocabastine by itself does not mediate either hypothermia or antinociception at NT receptors. However, pretreatment with 5 or 50 μg/kg of levocabastine or 5 μg/kg diphenhydramine all caused over a three-fold reduction in NT-mediated antinociception. Higher doses (500 or 5000 μg/kg) of levocabastine did not cause any antagonism of NT-mediated antinociception. All three antihistamines did not affect NT-mediated hypothermia. In addition, histamine H1 pathways are not involved in NT-mediated antinociception, as pretreatment with the much more potent histamine H1 antagonist pyrilamine did not affect antinociception mediated by NT. Therefore, these data may suggest the presence of yet unidentified NTR subtypes responsible for NT- mediated hypothermia and antinociception.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)78-84
Number of pages7
JournalBrain Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 16 1998
Externally publishedYes



  • Antinociception
  • Hypothermia
  • Levocabastine
  • Neurotensin
  • Neurotensin receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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