A biplane videofluorographic system was used to track the position of metallic markers affixed to the abdominal surface of the left hemidiaphragm in supine anesthetized dogs. Regional shortening was determined from intermarker distances of rows of markers placed along muscle bundles in the ventral middle and dorsal regions of the costal diaphragm and of one row on the crural diaphragm. Considerable variability of regional shortening was seen in a given row, which was reproducible on repeat study in individual dogs but which differed between mechanical ventilation and spontaneous breathing. There were no consistent patterns among dogs. Regional shortening obtained from the change in length of row extending from chest wall to central tendon showed no consistent differences among dogs during spontaneous breathing. At equal tidal volumes, all regions (except the ventral costal diaphragm) shortened more during spontaneous breathing than during mechanical ventilation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)