Improving the transition from residential to outpatient addiction treatment: Gender differences in response to supportive telephone calls

Rickey E. Carter, Louise F. Haynes, Sudie E. Back, Amy E. Herrin, Kathleen T. Brady, Jeff D. Leimberger, Susan C. Sonne, Robert L. Hubbard, Michael R. Liepman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations


Substance use relapse rates are often high in the first months after discharge from inpatient substance abuse treatment, and patient adherence to aftercare plans is often low. Four residential addiction treatment centers participated in a feasibility study designed to estimate the efficacy of a post-discharge telephone intervention intended to encourage compliance with aftercare. A total of 282 participants (100 women, 182 men) with substance use disorders were included in this secondary analysis. The findings revealed that women were more likely than men to attend aftercare. This "gender effect" persisted after adjustment for a number of potential mediators.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)47-59
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2008



  • Gender differences
  • Residential treatment
  • Substance use treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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