Improving instructions to stop the bleed

Katherine L. Forsyth, Bethany R. Lowndes, Erik Prytz, Carl Oscar Jonson, Matthew D. Sztajnkrycer, Stephanie F. Heller, Susan Hallbeck, Renaldo Blocker

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Stop The Bleed initiative was developed by the Department of Homeland Security to educate lay providers in bleeding reduction strategies. The current study evaluated: (1)three tourniquet instructions using a simulated tourniquet task and (2)participant confidence levels in tourniquet use and lay provider training. Thirty participants with limited clinical experience applied a tourniquet to a simulated limb using one of three instruction sets. Twelve of these participants (40%) participated in a tourniquet training session and focus group to discuss each instruction set. Participants preferred the most simple and pictoral instruction set, and identified opportunities for improvement in each set. Participant confidence in tourniquet use increased significantly following the task and the focus group. After the focus group, participant confidence in instructing lay providers on proper tourniquet use significantly increased. Adding key steps, contextual pictures, and indicators of success to instructions could support lay providers stop the bleed in life-threatening situations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 2017 International Annual Meeting, HFES 2017
PublisherHuman Factors an Ergonomics Society Inc.
Pages588-592
Number of pages5
Volume2017-October
ISBN (Electronic)9780945289531
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017
EventHuman Factors and Ergonomics Society 2017 International Annual Meeting, HFES 2017 - Austin, United States
Duration: Oct 9 2017Oct 13 2017

Other

OtherHuman Factors and Ergonomics Society 2017 International Annual Meeting, HFES 2017
CountryUnited States
CityAustin
Period10/9/1710/13/17

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics

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  • Cite this

    Forsyth, K. L., Lowndes, B. R., Prytz, E., Jonson, C. O., Sztajnkrycer, M. D., Heller, S. F., Hallbeck, S., & Blocker, R. (2017). Improving instructions to stop the bleed. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 2017 International Annual Meeting, HFES 2017 (Vol. 2017-October, pp. 588-592). Human Factors an Ergonomics Society Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1177/1541931213601631