Introduction: Access to dermatologic care is a major issue in the United States, especially within the un- and underinsured populations; technology, including teledermatology, will pay a role in improving access to care. Methods: We performed a prospective study between November 2016 and September 2017. We leveraged a partnership between Mayo Clinic and Mountain Park Health Clinic, a community clinic that primarily serves un- and underinsured populations. We implemented a mobile phone-based store and forward (SAF) teledermatology service, which integrated an external community health clinic to an existing electronic health record (EHR) using standardized data capture forms, real-time support, and simple workflows. Results: Thirty-seven patients were enrolled in the study, 65% female and 35% male with an average age of 47.9 (SD = 15.9). The ethnic breakdown was: 81.1% Hispanic, 13.5% Caucasian, and 5.4% African American. The majority, 62.2%, did not have a high school education, 45.9% were unemployed, and 51.4% were uninsured. 64.9% earned less than $25,000 for annual household income. Teledermatology consultation increased the absolute diagnostic and management concordance by 36.6% (p = 0.01, 95% CI 12.2%-61.0%) and 34.2% (p < 0.01, 95% CI 11%-57%), respectively. Primary care providers had a significant increase in mean confidence in the diagnosis and management of dermatology conditions pre and poststudy (3.60 vs. 3.70 and 3.21 vs. 3.60, respectively; p < 0.01). Ninety-six percent of the primary care providers agreed (52.0%) and strongly agreed (44.0%) that they would send another patient for teleconsultation. Conclusion: We successfully implemented a SAF teledermatology consultative service in a community health clinic outside our EHR. A similar approach can be used by other large health care organizations to provide integrated, high-quality consultation to clinics with rural, un- and underinsured populations.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health Informatics
- Health Information Management