Objective: Patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy may have occult gastrointestinal bleeding. In this study, we analyzed outcomes of septal myectomy in patients who had a history of gastrointestinal bleeding preoperatively to understand patient characteristics and impact of septal reduction on recurrent gastrointestinal bleeding. Methods: We analyzed 73 adult patients who had a history of gastrointestinal bleeding before transaortic septal myectomy for obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and compared outcomes to 219 patients without gastrointestinal bleeding preoperatively. Results: Patients with preoperative history of gastrointestinal bleeding were older (median (IQR) age, 65 (59-69) years, P < .001) and were more likely to have systemic hypertension (70% vs 53%, P = .020) and coronary artery disease (25% vs 13%, P = .026). Preoperatively, patients with gastrointestinal bleeding had a larger left atrial volume index (median, 53 mL/m2; interquartile range, 42-67; P = .006) and greater right ventricular systolic pressure (median, 36 mm Hg; interquartile range, 32-49; mm Hg, P = .005) but no significant difference in severity of outflow tract obstruction (P = .368). There were no perioperative deaths. The estimated 5- and 10-year survivals were 96.6% and 81.8%, respectively. At a median of 3.4 (interquartile range, 1.9-9.1) years after septal myectomy, 11 patients (15%) had recurrence of gastrointestinal bleeding, which was attributed to angiodysplasia or unknown causes in 6 patients (8%). Conclusions: Patients with a preoperative history of gastrointestinal bleeding have favorable short- and long-term outcomes after septal myectomy for obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Remission of gastrointestinal bleeding was observed in 85% of patients postprocedure, and only 8% of the patients had recurrent gastrointestinal bleeding due to angiodysplasia or unknown causes.
- gastrointestinal bleeding
- hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
- septal myectomy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine