In-hospital major adverse clinical event (MACE) rates after percutaneous coronary intervention serve as benchmarks of performance. However, accelerated clinical pathways, decreased lengths of stay, and potential delayed effects of percutaneous coronary intervention may result in an underestimation of this traditional measurement of outcome. Records from patients in the first 3 waves of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute's Dynamic Registry (n = 6,676) were reviewed for rates of composite in-hospital MACEs (death, myocardial infarction, and any repeat target vessel revascularization) and postdischarge MACEs (death, myocardial infarction, repeat hospitalization, and repeat target vessel revascularization) through 30 days. Rates for each composite MACE were compared across waves to assess changes over time. Predictors of each MACE category were identified using multivariate analysis. In-hospital MACE decreased significantly (5.4% of wave 1, 4.9% of wave 2, 3.1% of wave 3, p <0.001), whereas stent implantation increased significantly (67.5% of wave 1, 79.1% of wave 2, 86.2% of wave 3, p <0.001). Postdischarge MACE through 30 days remained unchanged (5.1% of wave 1, 5.1% of wave 2, 4.8% of wave 3, p = 0.6). Mean length of stay decreased (2.7 days for wave 1, 2.2 days for wave 3, p <0.001). Disparate clinical, procedural, and angiographic factors were associated with each MACE. Postdischarge MACE rates through 30 days comprise a significant and unchanging fraction of overall procedurally related MACE rates despite improving in-hospital outcomes. Most postdischarge events derive from pathology related to the controlled vessel. A 30-day MACE rate may serve as a more comprehensive measurement of procedural outcome.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine