Background: Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) has been associated with increased postoperative complications and a prolonged length of stay (LOS). We report on our experience following implementation of an Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) program for CRS and HIPEC. Methods: Patients were divided into pre- and post-ERAS groups. Modifications in the ERAS group included routine use of transversus abdominis plane blocks, intra- and postoperative fluid restriction, and minimizing the use of narcotics, drains, and nasogastric tubes. Results: Of a total of 130 procedures, 49 (38%) were in the pre-ERAS group and 81 (62%) were in the ERAS group. Mean LOS was reduced from 10.3 ± 8.9 days to 6.9 ± 5.0 days (p = 0.007) and the rate of grade III/IV complications was reduced from 24 to 15% (p = 0.243) following ERAS implementation. The ERAS group received less intravenous fluid during hospitalization (19.2 ± 18.7 L vs. 32.8 ± 32.5 L, p = 0.003) and used less opioids than the pre-ERAS group (median of 159.7 mg of oral morphine equivalents vs. 272.6 mg). There were no significant changes in the rates of 30-day readmission or acute kidney injury between the two groups (p = non-significant). On multivariable analyses, ERAS was significantly associated with a reduction in LOS (− 2.89 days, 95% CI − 4.84 to − 0.94) and complication rates (odds ratio 0.22, 95% CI 0.08–0.57). Conclusions: Implementation of an ERAS program for CRS and HIPEC is associated with a reduction in overall intravenous fluids, postoperative narcotic use, complication rates, and LOS.
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