Purpose: To determine the impact of patient sex on operative characteristics, short-term complications, and long-term functional outcomes following ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) for chronic ulcerative colitis (CUC). Methods: A retrospective review was performed on all patients undergoing two- or three-stage IPAA for CUC at our institution between January 2002 and August 2013. Patient demographics, operative characteristics, 30-day postoperative complications, and long-term functional outcomes from annual survey data were analyzed comparing men and women patients. Results: During the study period, 911 IPAAs (542 men, 369 women) were performed. Men were older and were more often obese (both p < 0.01). Use of a three-stage approach and laparoscopic approach were similar between men and women, but operation length, intraoperative blood loss, and hospital length of stay were all higher in men (all p < 0.05). At 30 days, women had increased rates of superficial surgical site infections and urinary tract infections (both p < 0.05), while men had increased rates of urinary retention (p = 0.03). Five hundred forty-six patients (60%; 307 men, 239 women) responded to the annual post IPAA survey with a median follow-up of 5.1 and 5.0 years in men and women, respectively. Women reported increased frequency of daytime stools in the early follow-up period, but this difference resolved with time. Other functional outcomes were similar. Conclusion: Patient sex impacts intraoperative complexity, postoperative length of stay, 30-day postoperative outcomes, and initial long-term function. These findings underscore the need to adjust preoperative counseling regarding IPAA outcomes based on sex.
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