Impact of Sex and ADHD Status on Psychiatric Comorbidity in Treatment-Seeking Alcoholics

Maria M. Reyes, Terry D. Schneekloth, Mario J. Hitschfeld, Victor M. Karpyak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To assess for intrasex and intersex differences in psychiatric comorbidity according to ADHD status in treatment-seeking adults with alcohol use disorders (AUDs). Method: This study was a secondary analysis of data utilizing descriptive statistics from 472 treatment-seeking alcoholics who completed the Psychiatric Research Interview for Substance and Mental Disorders (PRISM). Results: The prevalence of ADHD in males and females was 6.0% and 6.4%, respectively. Males with ADHD and AUDs had higher rates of current and lifetime drug use disorders, current depressive disorders, and current and lifetime anxiety disorders than male alcoholics without ADHD. No intrasex differences in psychiatric comorbidities were identified in female alcoholics with respect to ADHD status. Males with ADHD and AUDs were more likely to have had opioid dependence than ADHD-positive females. No other intersex differences were found. Conclusion: Positive ADHD status was associated with increased psychiatric comorbidity among treatment-seeking alcoholic men.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1505-1513
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Attention Disorders
Volume23
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2019

Keywords

  • ADD/ADHD
  • ADHD
  • SUD
  • adult ADHD
  • alcohol dependence
  • psychiatric comorbidity
  • sex differences

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology

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