Impact of Multiple Chronic Conditions in Patients Hospitalized with Stroke and Transient Ischemic Attack

Mohammed Yousufuddin, Adam C. Bartley, Mouaz Alsawas, Heather L. Sheely, Jessica Shultz, Paul Y Takahashi, Nathan P. Young, Mohammad H Murad

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5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The prevalence and clinical impact of chronic conditions (CCs) have increasingly been recognized as an important public health concern. We evaluated the prevalence of coexisting CCs and their association with 30-day mortality and readmission in hospitalized patients with stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA). Methods: In a retrospective study of patients aged ≥18 years hospitalized for first-ever stroke and TIA, we assessed the prevalence of coexisting CCs and their predictive value for subsequent 30-day mortality and readmission. Results: Study cohort comprised 6771 patients, hospitalized for stroke (n = 4068) and TIA (n = 2703), 51.4% men, with mean age of 68.2 years (standard deviation: ±15.6), mean number of CCs of 2.9 (±1.7), 30-day mortality rate of 8.6% (entire cohort), and 30-day readmission rate of 9.7% (in 2498 patients limited to Olmsted and surrounding counties). In multivariable models, significant predictors of (1) 30-day mortality were coexisting heart failure (HF) (odds ratio [OR]: 1.45, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.09-1.92), cardiac arrhythmia (OR: 1.74, 95% CI: 1.40-2.17), coronary artery disease (CAD) (OR: 1.64, 95% CI: 1.29-2.08), cancer (OR: 1.67, 95% CI: 1.31-2.14), and diabetes (HR: 1.28, 95% CI: 1.01-1.62); and (2) 30-day readmission (n = 2498) were CAD (OR: 1.50, 95% CI: 1.09-2.07), cancer (OR: 1.46, 95% CI: 1.01-2.10), and arthritis (OR: 1.62, 95% CI: 1.09-2.40). Conclusions: In patients hospitalized with stroke and TIA, CCs are highly prevalent and influence 30-day mortality and readmission. Optimal therapeutic and lifestyle interventions for CAD, HF, cardiac arrhythmia, cancer, diabetes, and arthritis may improve early clinical outcome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Sep 23 2016

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Keywords

  • Chronic condition
  • Mortality
  • Readmission
  • Stroke
  • Trend

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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