This study was performed to investigate the prevalence and impact on survival of baseline mitral stenosis (MS) in patients who underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) due to the presence of severe symptomatic aortic stenosis. This retrospective study included 928 consecutive patients with severe, symptomatic aortic stenosis who underwent TAVI in 2 institutions, from January 2012 to August 2016. Mean follow-up was 40.8 ± 13.9 months. Based on the mean mitral gradient (MMG) at baseline, 3 groups were identified: MMG <5 mm Hg (n = 737, 81.7%); MMG ≥5 and <10 mm Hg (n = 147, 16.3%); MMG ≥10 mm Hg (n = 17, 1.9%). These latter were more frequently women, with a smaller body surface area, a higher prevalence of atrial fibrillation, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and previous history of coronary-artery bypass graft/percutaneous coronary intervention. At baseline, patients with MMG ≥10 mm Hg compared with ≥5 and <10 mm Hg and <5 mm Hg patients had a lower mitral valve area (2.4 ± 0.94 vs 2.1 ± 0.86 vs 1.5 ± 0.44 cm 2 ), a lower prevalence of MR ≥2+ (5.9% vs 28.6% and 15.6%, p <0.0001), a higher prevalence of severe mitral annular calcium (70.6% vs 45.6% and 13.0%, p <0.0001) and a higher systolic pulmonary arterial pressure (50.6 ± 12.1 vs 47.2 ± 14.5 and 41.6 ± 14.4, p <0.0001). Despite the low prevalence of MMG ≥10 mm Hg, these patients had higher 5-year mortality compared with the other groups (adjusted hazard ratio 2.91, 95% confidence interval 1.17 to 7.20, p = 0.02). In conclusion, severe calcific MS is uncommon in patients who underwent TAVI. Its presence is associated with higher long-term mortality whereas moderate MS is not.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine