Impact of long-term poor and good glycemic control on metabolomics alterations in type 1 diabetic people

Tumpa Dutta, Yogish C. Kudva, Xuan Mai T. Persson, Louis A. Schenck, G. Charles Ford, Ravinder J. Singh, Rickey Carter, K. Sreekumaran Nair

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Context: Poor glycemic control in individuals with type 1 diabetes (T1D) is associated with both micro-and macrovascular complications, but good glycemic control does not fully prevent the risk of these complications. Objective: The objective of the study was to determine whether T1D with good glycemic control have persistent abnormalities of metabolites and pathways that exist in T1D with poor glycemic control. Design:Wecompared plasma metabolites in T1D with poor (glycated hemoglobin≥8.5%, T1D[≥] and good (glycated hemoglobin<6.5%, T1D[+]) glycemic control with nondiabetic controls (ND). Setting: The study was conducted at the clinical research unit. Patients or Other Participants: T1D with poor (n=14), T1D(≥) and good, T1D(+) (n=15) glycemic controlandmatched(for age, sex,andbodymass index)NDparticipantswereincluded in the study. Intervention(s): There were no intervention. Main Outcome Measure(s): Comparison of qualitative and quantitative profiling of metabolome was performed. Results: In T1D(≥), 347 known metabolites belonging to 38 metabolic pathways involved in cholesterol, vitamin D, tRNA, amino acids (AAs), bile acids, urea, tricarboxylic acid cycle, immune response, and eicosanoids were different from ND. In T1D(+),154 known metabolites belonging to 26 pathways including glycolysis, gluconeogenesis, bile acids, tRNA biosynthesis, AAs, branchchain AAs, retinol, and vitamin D metabolism remained altered from ND. Targeted measurements of AA metabolites, trichloroacetic acid, and free fatty acids showed directional changes similar to the untargeted metabolomics approach. Conclusions: Comprehensive metabolomic profiling identified extensive metabolomic abnormalities in T1D with poor glycemic control. Chronic good glycemic control failed to normalize many of these perturbations, suggesting a potential role for these persistent abnormalities in many complications in T1D.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1023-1033
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume101
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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