Impact of Hypertension on Cognitive Function: A Scientific Statement from the American Heart Association

the American Heart Association Council on Hypertension, Council on Clinical Cardiology, Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young, Council on Cardiovascular and Stroke Nursing, Council on Quality of Care and Outcomes Research, and Stroke Council

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

156 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background - Age-related dementia, most commonly caused by Alzheimer disease or cerebrovascular factors (vascular dementia), is a major public health threat. Chronic arterial hypertension is a well-established risk factor for both types of dementia, but the link between hypertension and its treatment and cognition remains poorly understood. In this scientific statement, a multidisciplinary team of experts examines the impact of hypertension on cognition to assess the state of the knowledge, to identify gaps, and to provide future directions. Methods - Authors with relevant expertise were selected to contribute to this statement in accordance with the American Heart Association conflict-of-interest management policy. Panel members were assigned topics relevant to their areas of expertise, reviewed the literature, and summarized the available data. Results - Hypertension disrupts the structure and function of cerebral blood vessels, leads to ischemic damage of white matter regions critical for cognitive function, and may promote Alzheimer pathology. There is strong evidence of a deleterious influence of midlife hypertension on late-life cognitive function, but the cognitive impact of late-life hypertension is less clear. Observational studies demonstrated a cumulative effect of hypertension on cerebrovascular damage, but evidence from clinical trials that antihypertensive treatment improves cognition is not conclusive. Conclusions - After carefully reviewing the literature, the group concluded that there were insufficient data to make evidence-based recommendations. However, judicious treatment of hypertension, taking into account goals of care and individual characteristics (eg, age and comorbidities), seems justified to safeguard vascular health and, as a consequence, brain health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e67-e94
JournalHypertension
Volume68
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

Fingerprint

Cognition
Hypertension
Blood Vessels
Dementia
Patient Care Planning
Conflict of Interest
Vascular Dementia
Health
Antihypertensive Agents
Observational Studies
Comorbidity
Alzheimer Disease
Public Health
Clinical Trials
Pathology
Brain

Keywords

  • AHA Scientific Statements
  • Alzheimer disease
  • biomarkers
  • blood pressure
  • clinical trials
  • neuroimaging
  • therapy
  • vascular cognitive impairment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

Cite this

the American Heart Association Council on Hypertension, Council on Clinical Cardiology, Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young, Council on Cardiovascular and Stroke Nursing, Council on Quality of Care and Outcomes Research, & and Stroke Council (2016). Impact of Hypertension on Cognitive Function: A Scientific Statement from the American Heart Association. Hypertension, 68(6), e67-e94. https://doi.org/10.1161/HYP.0000000000000053

Impact of Hypertension on Cognitive Function : A Scientific Statement from the American Heart Association. / the American Heart Association Council on Hypertension; Council on Clinical Cardiology; Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young; Council on Cardiovascular and Stroke Nursing; Council on Quality of Care and Outcomes Research; and Stroke Council.

In: Hypertension, Vol. 68, No. 6, 01.12.2016, p. e67-e94.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

the American Heart Association Council on Hypertension, Council on Clinical Cardiology, Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young, Council on Cardiovascular and Stroke Nursing, Council on Quality of Care and Outcomes Research & and Stroke Council 2016, 'Impact of Hypertension on Cognitive Function: A Scientific Statement from the American Heart Association', Hypertension, vol. 68, no. 6, pp. e67-e94. https://doi.org/10.1161/HYP.0000000000000053
the American Heart Association Council on Hypertension, Council on Clinical Cardiology, Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young, Council on Cardiovascular and Stroke Nursing, Council on Quality of Care and Outcomes Research, and Stroke Council. Impact of Hypertension on Cognitive Function: A Scientific Statement from the American Heart Association. Hypertension. 2016 Dec 1;68(6):e67-e94. https://doi.org/10.1161/HYP.0000000000000053
the American Heart Association Council on Hypertension ; Council on Clinical Cardiology ; Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young ; Council on Cardiovascular and Stroke Nursing ; Council on Quality of Care and Outcomes Research ; and Stroke Council. / Impact of Hypertension on Cognitive Function : A Scientific Statement from the American Heart Association. In: Hypertension. 2016 ; Vol. 68, No. 6. pp. e67-e94.
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