Background: Previous studies suggest that patients with prior or current hematologic malignancy are at increased risk of intraoperative and postoperative complications when undergoing cardiac surgery. The aim of this review was to compare clinical outcomes of patients with a history of hematologic malignancy to those of similar patients with no known blood dyscrasia. Methods: From January 1993 to June 2017, 37,839 patients underwent elective cardiac surgery at Mayo Clinic. We matched 612 patients (1.6%) with a history of hematologic malignancy to 612 controls, and compared operative details, early postoperative complications, and late survival. Results: The median age of matched patients with hematologic malignancy was 71 years (interquartile range [IQR], 62 to 77) and 71 years (IQR, 62 to 77) for patients without cancer. Patients with prior diagnosis of malignancy had lower hemoglobin levels, 12.8 (IQR, 11.5 to 13.8) vs 13.5 (IQR, 12.2 to 14.6; P < .001), but similar platelet counts, 195 (IQR, 147 to 263) vs 203 (IQR, 170 to 245; P = .533). Patients with malignancy were at greater risk of receiving postoperative blood transfusions (47.4% vs 35.6%, P < .001). However, reoperations for postoperative bleeding (4.7% vs 3.3%, P = .253) and stroke (1.3% vs 1.3%, P > .999) were similar. Thirty-day mortality was 3.3% among patients with hematologic malignancy and 1.5% among matched controls (P = .061). Overall survival among patients with cancer was reduced (P < .0001). Conclusions: Although late survival is reduced in patients with hematologic malignancies, early outcomes are generally similar to those of matched controls. Therefore, surgery should not be withheld from patients with a diagnosis of hematologic malignancy who would benefit from cardiac procedures.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine