We performed a population-based study to examine the influence of healthcare-associated acquisition on pathogen distribution, antimicrobial resistance, shortand long-term mortality of community-onset Gramnegative bloodstream infections (BSI). We identified 733 unique patients with community-onset Gram-negative BSI (306 healthcare-associated and 427 community-acquired) among Olmsted County, Minnesota, residents from 1 January 1998 to 31 December 2007. Multivariate logistic regression was used to examine the association between healthcare-associated acquisition and microbiological etiology and antimicrobial resistance. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression was used to evaluate the influence of the site of acquisition on mortality. Healthcare-associated acquisition was predictive of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (odds ratio [OR] 3.14, 95% confidence intervals [CI]: 1.59-6.57) and the group of Enterobacter, Citrobacter, and Serratia species (OR 2.23, 95% CI: 1.21-4.21) as causative pathogens of community-onset Gram-negative BSI. Healthcare-associated acquisition was also predictive of fluoroquinolone resistance among community-onset Gramnegative bloodstream isolates (OR 2.27, 95% CI: 1.18-4.53). Healthcare-associated acquisition of BSI was independently associated with higher 28-day (hazard ratio [HR] 3.73, 95%CI: 2.13-6.93) and 1-year mortality (HR 3.60, 95%CI: 2.57-5.15). Because of differences in pathogen distribution, antimicrobial resistance, and outcomes between healthcare-associated and community-acquired Gram-negative BSI, identification of patients with healthcare-associated acquisition of BSI is essential to optimize empiric antimicrobial therapy.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases|
|State||Published - Jun 2012|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases